As the name suggests, electric cars and vehicles use electric motor that is powered by electricity from batteries or fuel cells. However, not all electric vehicles work in the same fashion. For instance, plug-in hybrids offer gasoline or diesel engine in addition to an electric motor (that is powered by a chargeable battery when plugging in). battery electric vehicles operate exclusively on electricity, while others power an electric motor by converting hydrogen gas into electricity (hydrogen fuel cell vehicles).
Some of the prospects of using electric vehicles include their efficiency compared to the most efficient conventional vehicles. Further, using the cleanest electricity grids to power EV batteries ensures that there is zero emissions, which serves to achieve various sustainability goals. Even with the use of efficient vehicles, the cost to refuel EVs can be a fraction of gasoline cost leading to saving hundreds of dollars a year.
Read More: What Are Electric Cars?
Retrieved on February 1st, 2018.
What are the types of EVs?
- Plug-in hybrids are rechargeable from an outlet, they replace miles that would have been driven on gasoline with electricity using gasoline engine on longer trips. To learn more about how plug-in vehicles work, click here.
Battery-electric cars use electricity as means of fuel. With the rise of charging stations in the public domain and in workplaces, charging EVs is easier than before. They are known as the most environmentally friendly cars for the absence of emissions. Here is how they work.
- Fuel cell vehicles are smaller but growing sector of EVs as they go through quick refueling techniques and have long driving ranges. They also require hydrogen refueling stations. Here is how they work.
- Conventional hybrid vehicles retain the range and convenience of conventional vehicles. They are also feasible when electric drivers do not match drivers’ needs. Here is how they work.